James Buchanan

James Buchanan James Buchanan Jr. (; April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861), serving prior to the American Civil War. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the United States Secretary of State and in both houses of Congress before becoming president.

Born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, Buchanan became a prominent lawyer and won election to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives as a Federalist. In 1820, he won election to the United States House of Representatives, aligning with Andrew Jackson's Democratic Party. He served as Jackson's Minister to Russia, then won election as a senator from Pennsylvania. In 1845, he accepted appointment as President James K. Polk's Secretary of State. He was a major contender for his party's presidential nomination throughout the 1840s and 1850s and was finally nominated in 1856, defeating incumbent President Franklin Pierce and Senator Stephen A. Douglas at the 1856 Democratic National Convention. Buchanan and running mate John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky defeated Republican John C. Frémont and Know-Nothing Millard Fillmore to win the 1856 election.

President Buchanan supported the Dred Scott decision and joined with Southern leaders in attempting to admit Kansas to the Union as a slave state under the Lecompton Constitution. In the process, he angered Republicans and alienated many Northern Democrats. Buchanan held to his pledge to serve only one term and supported Breckinridge's unsuccessful candidacy in the 1860 presidential election. Several Southern states seceded after Republican Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 election, and the American Civil War began just weeks after Buchanan left office. He died in 1868 at age 77, and is the only president to remain a lifelong bachelor. Historians fault him for his failure to address the issue of slavery and the secession of the Southern states and generally consider him to be one of the worst presidents in U.S. history. Provided by Wikipedia
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= Consumption without production: The impossible idyll of socialism
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1993
Publisher: Haufe (Freiburg im Breisgau)
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Political economy in the 1980s
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1986
Publisher: Harvester Wheatsheaf (Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire)
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The political legacy of Lord Keynes
Year: 1977
Publisher: Acad. Press (London [u.a.])
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Involved: Buchanan, James M
Year: 1989
Publisher: A&M University Press
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Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1979
Publisher: Liberty Press (Indianapolis, Ind.)
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Year: 1992
Publisher: COMDOK-Verl.-Abt. (Sankt Augustin)
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Between anarchy and Leviathan
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1975
Publisher: Univ. of Chicago Pr. (Chicago, Ill. [u.a.])
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Zwischen Anarchie und Leviathan
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1984
Publisher: Mohr (Tübingen)
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Selected essays
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1960
Publisher: Univ. of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill, NC)
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A defense and restatement
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1958
Publisher: Irwin (Homewood, Ill.)
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Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1968
Publisher: Rand McNally (Chicago, Ill.)
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An analysis of the misuse of economic theory for political profiteering, with proposals for constitutional disciplines
Volume 78 from Hobart paper
Year: 1978
Publisher: Institute of Economic Affairs (London)
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Vortrag gehalten von James M. Buchanan ; 1. Dez. 1988
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1988
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Volume 88,07 : Marktwirtschaftliche Schriften des Carl-Menger-Instituts from Vorträge und Schriften des Carl-Menger-Instituts
Involved: Buchanan, James M.
Year: 1992
Publisher: Carl Menger Inst. (Wien)
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[lecture presented at the IUI on August 28, 1987]
Year: 1988
Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell (Stockholm)
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Analytical foundations of a fiscal constitution
Year: 1980
Publisher: Cambridge Univ. Press (Cambridge [u.a.])
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